Enquête sur les pyramides de Bosnie et quelques autres cas de pseudo-archéologie
Article published on 16 June 2006
The last part of the Osmanagic’s team (see the previous texts about the "ghost", unknown or "embellished" scientists) is what I would call the "family circle": people which place in the project seems to depend on their familial or friendly relations with Mr. Osmanagic.
First among these people, one can find Muris Osmanagic, Semir’s father. Even if he is not mentioned among the official members of the Foundation, Mr. Osmanagic Senior, Mining Ingineer, professor in Tuzla University, former director of a mining complex and politician (bs) (he was Secretary for Industry, Energy and Trade in the former Republic of Bosnia), regular attendant to international conferences, is omnipresent: he recalls his memories of the Resistance (bs) in Visoko (entry of 2005, October 29th); promotes his son’s book; conducts geological analyses (of which it is probably hoped that they will be more favourable than the ones made by his colleagues from Tuzla University, who saw nothing other than natural in Visoko); interprets the symbols (bs) found in one of the tunnels near the "pyramid" (according to him, they are remains of the "first prehistoric script in Bosnia"; the stone block represents the male sex, the carved symbols the other members of the family...).
Muris Osmanagic is also Chairman for the 5th "Pan-European Conference on Planning for Minerals and Transport Infrastructure" (= PEMT’06 (en)), in which is also Honorary Member a Semir Osmanagic, from Met Company (one can also find among the members of this Conference Ramo Kurtanovic, another member of the team). Considering the opening date of this Conference (on 2006, May 18th), and the date of Mr. Aly Abd Barakat’s arrival (on May 16th), one can wonder wether the coming of Mr. Barakat to Sarajevo had something to do with this Conference, Mr. Barakat being a mineralogy expert. One can also notice, among the planned papers for this conference, this one: "Mr. Semir Osmanagic, M.Sc. Int. Ec., B.Sc. Ec., B.Sc. Pol.Sc., Met Company, Houston, U.S.A. Paper for Conference. Unexplained Prehistoric Large Stone Spheres Preciously Made from Granodiorith, Found in Bosnia and Costa Rica", of which it is difficult to understand the sense and place among the other papers about transports and civil engineering... An extract with illustrations of this paper by Mr. Osmanagic Junior can be seen here (en).
Mario Gerussi, Executive Director of the Foundation, is said to be Mr. Osmanagic’s brother-in-law (en) (not confirmed). Bojan Zecevic, co-director and in charge of the "Subcommittee for Prehistoric Stone Spheres", is a friend of Mr. Osmanagic, who mentions him a few times in his book about the "pyramid of the Sun"; it seems to be impossible to find any information about his competences, the single Bojan Zecevic living in London known by Google is the owner of a model agency (IEVE Models (en)), and it seems he is actually the same Bojan Zecevic. That could provide an explanation for the presence of candidates for the "Miss Bosnia" title (en) at the opening of the excavations, but would make his archeological competence quite doubtful.
"Jovo Jovanovic" being a very frequent name, it is difficult to find any information about this other director, also coordinator of the "subcommittee for Prehistoric Iron Rings"; however, it seems there is no Jovo Jovanovic related with archaeology, but he is a member of Mr. Osmanagic’s circle of friends, and is mentioned in his (not translated) book "Civilizations before the beginning of official history" (bs).
One can more easily find informations about Ahmed Bosnic, "searcher" and writer, one of the Foundation directors and coordinator for the "Subcommittee for Prehistory". Contrary to Mr. Jovanovic, Mr. Bosnic had a lot of other activities before the beginning of the project "pyramid of the Sun", and he has his own website: www.bosnic.com (bs). This website is a real lumber-room, one can find there texts about natural and traditional therapy, about divination and black magic, horoscopes, and of course an entire section about the "mysteries": Atlantis, Mayas, lost civilizations... It is probably a good livelyhood for its author: most of the texts, horoscopes and so on are for members only, and you will have to pay 55 euros a year to consult them, not to mention the online shop where you can buy Mr. Bosnic’s books: "The book of the mysteries", an actual "encyclopedia of lost knowledge" (35 euros); "Zapisi i hamajlije" (about talismans, black magic...); "The day when the scientists died" (13 euros, very cheap to be at last able to know wether the ancient Egyptians used robots and anti-gravity!); "The mysteries of the lost civilizations"; "Mysterious seas" (did the universe "missionaries" build their base of operations at the bottom of the oceans?); "Universe missionaries" (UFOs); "Atlantis: greatest mystery of the past"; "Out of the body" (astral voyages, mysteries from the Tibetan Book of the Dead...); "All the mysteries of the world" (how can one write another book after this definitive one???)... What is more, Mr. Bosnic is the author of the project "Nova Arka" (New Arch), a New Age magazine (bs) published in Sarajevo, where one can learn that he is also an expert in "remote bio-energo-therapy" (see for instance the last page of number 3 (bs)... Let’s stress it again: this same Mr. Bosnic is co-director of the Foundation "pyramid of the Sun", and in charge of prehistory on the excavations...
Let’s end this tour of the most important people in the Foundation with Mr. Senad Hodovic (bs); as Director of Visoko Museum, he plays an essential part: he is in a sense the official guarantee for the project. It has first to be stressed that Mr. Hodovic is not an archaeologist, nor an historian, nor a geologist, but professor of marxism and sociology, a fact that, according to Mirko Babic (bs), director of Bijeljina Museum, doesn’t leave him much credibility as far as pyramids are concerned. He is also a politician, president of the Visoko LDS (bs) party (liberal-democrat party, of which is equally member another man from Osmanagic’s team, Goran Cakic (bs)).
The first meeting between Mr. Hodovic and Mr. Osmanagic has been told by the last in his book (bs) about the "pyramid of the Sun": during a trip in Bosnia in April 2005, with his friends Jovo (Jovanovic) and Bojan (Zecevic), Mr. Osmanagic visited Visoko Museum. The director, Mr. Hodovic, took the three friends on the neighbouring hill of Visocica, to show them the remains of the medieval fortress. For Mr. Hodovic, the pyramidal shape of the hill is only anecdotal, and he mentions it to his interlocutor. For Mr. Osmanagic, obsessed by the pyramids, it is an enlightenment, Visocica is a pyramid, and he begins to take photographs, to mark outcrops of stone blocks. Back in the museum, Mr. Osmanagic tries to convince Mr. Hodovic who, according to Mr. Osmanagic himself, seems quite sceptical.
A few months later, when the Foundation is established and the first excavations begin, Mr. Hodovic has seemingly lost part of his scepticism, for he is member of the Board of Directors of the Foundation, and confirms a number of times the existence of the pyramids for the medias. However, he never showed the same enthusiasm as Mr. Osmanagic, and one can suppose he doesn’t really believe in the pyramids; for instance:
"We should absolutely allow the research here," said Senad Hodovic, the director of the Visoko Historic Heritage museum.
"This isn’t about whether there are pyramids or not... But it’s important to create a climate for research, also of the medieval town of Visoki, which has never been explored." source (en)
"This has nothing to do with science," head of Visoko Home Museum, Senad Hodovic, told IPS. "It is a historical fact that Visoko was the home town of Bosnian kings in medieval times, with the castle on Visocica Hill. Excavations nearby have shown that the castle was built on the site of an ancient Roman checkpoint."
But, said Hodovic, "if this pyramid craze means some hope or improvement for local people, one cannot be against it." source (en).
"Pyramid craze", that’s not the words of a man obsessed with pyramids... But these quotations allow to make a hypothesis about Mr. Hodovic: wether he is or is not convinced by Mr. Osmanagic’s thesis, one can guess he saw there an opportunity, of development for the region, and maybe of using the Foundation to finance the excavation and restoration of the medieval site of Visoki, that the Bosnian authorities cannot afford to finance. It seems that Mr. Hodovic has often tried to plead for "his" medieval Visoki, for instance here (en) in 2003 with the Commission in charge of the protection of national monuments in Bosnia:
He was of the view that the previous complement of the Commission had failed to include several very important sites in Visoko municipality on the Provisional List of National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He drew attention to three of these: the Visoki old fort (which is older than Kraljeva Sutjeska, but no archaeological excavations have ever been conducted apart from a few test probes), [...]
This hypothesis would explain why Mr. Hodovic "protects" the project "pyramid of the Sun", even refusing to admit the reality of the danger, stressed by numerous archaeologists (local (en), european (en) and american (en) ones): that the amateurish excavations of Mr. Osmanagic’s team can create serious damage to actual sites; the fortress of Visoki, known and protected, is probably safe, but it is not the case with other sites in the vicinity of the "pyramid"; would Mr. Hodovic be ready to sacrify them? The question has to be asked when one reads this article (bs), where the author shows that there is an important contradiction between the claims of Mr. Osmanagic and Mr. Hodovic, both saying that the site of Visoki fortress is very small (30 x 60 meters according to Mr. Hodovic) and therefore is safe from the excavations tooking place a few hundred meters farther, and an extract from a historian’s book with the title "The cities of the Bosnian Kingdom in Middle Age", which shows that Visoki was an important political center, and that all the Bosna valley was quite densely populated...